Classical Procedures

Classical Procedures are the activities used by F. M. Alexander to teach his technique. Generally accepted as classical procedures are:

The term classical procedures is used to distinguish what Alexander is known to have used in his teaching from later developments. A number of other procedures developed after Alexander’s death used for teaching the Technique include saddle work, Dart procedures and a variety of simple movements called directed activities (‘games’).

‘Chair work’ here includes both sitting and standing work, leaning against the back of the chair (with shoulder blades against a book or the like), and moving forwards and backwards from the hips whilst sitting (but note this also has a separate entry).


See link for each activity for a description.


The use of classical procedures have been criticised for being too limited and irrelevant for people’s daily activities, and for not addressing the need for learning more complex activities. For a defence see Explaining the Alexander Technique.[1]

Marjory Barlow has criticised non-classical procedures such as saddle-work as ‘gimmicks’. [2]

See also Teaching styles, Directed activities, Dart Procedures, Application approach, Descriptions of F. M. Alexander, Saddle work.


[1] Explaining the Alexander Technique by Walter Carrington, Seán Carey, (Mouritz, 2004), pp. 67-68.
[2] An Examined Life by Marjory Barlow, Trevor Allen Davies (Mornum Time Press, 2002), p. 143.